Front End and Back End web development

    Front End and Back End Web Development

    Frontend and backend are the two most popular terms used in web development. These terms are very important for web development but are quite different from each other.

    What is Front End Development?

    The part of a website that a user can see and interact with directly is called the front end. It is also known as ‘client side’ programming. This includes everything that users experience directly: text color, styles, images, graphs and tables, buttons, colors, and navigation menus. HTML, CSS and JavaScript are the languages ​​used for front end development. All the structure, design, behavior, and content seen on the browser screen when websites, web applications, or mobile applications open, are all implemented by front-end developers. Responsiveness and Performance are the two main objectives of the front end. The developer should ensure that the site is responsive, that is, the website must appear correctly on all devices.

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    Front End Languages:

    The front end part is built using some languages, which are discussed below:

    HTML: HTML is a Hypertext Markup Language. It is used to design the frontend portion of web pages using markup language. HTML is a combination of hypertext and markup language. Hypertext defines the link between web pages. The markup language is used to define text documentation within the tag, which defines the structure of web pages.

    CSS: Cascading Style Sheets are referred to as CSS, a simple language intended to simplify the process of presenting web pages. CSS allows you to implement styles on a web page.

    JavaScript: JavaScript is a well-known scripting language that is used to make the site interactive for users. It is used to increase the functionality of a website to run cool games and web-based software.

    Front End Frameworks and Libraries:

    AngularJS: AngularJs is a JavaScript open-source front-end framework primarily used for developing single-page web applications (SPAs). It is a continuously growing and expanding framework that provides better methods for web application development. It converts Static HTML into Dynamic HTML. It is an open-source project that can be free. It extends HTML attributes with instructions.

    React.js: React is an efficient and flexible JavaScript library for building user interface. ReactJS is an open-source, component-based front-end library responsible only for the application’s View layer. It is maintained by Facebook.

    Bootstrap: Bootstrap is an open source and free tool for creating responsive websites and web applications.

    j Query: j Query is an open-source JavaScript library that simplifies the interaction between the HTML / CSS document, the Document Object Model (DOM), and JavaScript. Extending the wording, j Query HTML document simplifies traversing, browser event handling, DOM animation, Ajax interaction, and cross-browser JavaScript development.

    SASS: It is the most reliable and robust CSS extension language. It is used to extend the functionality of a site’s existing CSS, including variables, inheritance, and nesting.

    Flutter: Flutter is an open source UI development SDK managed by Google. It is powered by the Dart programming language. It makes good looking applications for mobile (Ios, Android), Web, and Desktop from a single code base. In March 2021, Flutter announced Flutter 2.

    There are some other libraries and frameworks – UI, Foundation, Materialize, Backbone.js, Ember.js etc.

    What is Back End Development?

    The back-end, also known as the Server Side, consists of a server that provides data on the request, stores and organizes the data, and also ensures that the website functions properly on the client-side Whether she is doing it or not. This is a website that you cannot see and interact with. This is the part of the software that does not come in direct contact with the users. Parts and features developed by backend designers are indirectly accessed by users through a front-end application. Activities such as writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without user interfaces or systems of scientific programming are also included in the backend.

    Back End Languages:

    PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language specifically designed for web development. Since PHP code executes on the server-side, it is called server-side scripting language.

    C ++: It is a general-purpose programming language. It is also used as a backend language.

    JAVA: Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages ​​and platforms. It is highly scalable. Java components are readily available in it.

    Python: Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.

    JavaScript: JavaScript can be used in both (Frontend and Backend) programming languages.

    Node.js: Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform runtime language that executes JavaScript code outside the browser. NodeJS is not a framework, nor is it a programming language. Most people consider it a framework or programming language. Node.js are used to build back-end services such as web apps or mobile apps. It is used in large companies such as PayPal, Uber, Netflix, Wallmart etc.

    Back End Frameworks:

    • The list of back-end frameworks is as follows: Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring etc.
    • Other back-end program / scripting languages ​​are C #, Ruby, REST, GO, etc.

    Difference between Front End and Back End

    1. Frontend and backend development are quite different from each other, but still, they are two aspects of the same situation. The frontend is what users see and interact with and the backend explains how it all works.
    2. frontend is a part of website users that can interact with and view graphical user interface (GUI) and command lines such as design, navigating menus, text, images, videos, and more. While the part of Backend website that users cannot see and interact with.
    3. Frontend is called ‘Client side Programming’ while Backend is called ‘Server side Programming’.
    4. The visual aspects of the website that can be seen and experienced by the users are Frontend. On the other hand, everything happening in the background can be attributed to Backend.
    5. The languages ​​used for Frontend are HTML, CSS, JavaScript, while the languages ​​used for Backend are Java, Ruby, Python, .Net. Huh.


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