Introduction to HTML 5

    Introduction to HTML 5

    The full name of the HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to design web pages using markup language. HTML is a combination of hypertext and markup language. Hypertext defines the link between web pages. Markup language is used to define text documents within tags that define the structure of web pages. HTML 5 is the fifth and current version of HTML. It has improved the markup available for the document and introduced application programming interfaces (APIs) and Document Object Model (DOM).

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    In simple words-

    • HTML is a Hyper Text Markup Language.
    • HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages.
    • HTML describes the structure of a web page.
    • HTML consists of a series of elements.
    • The HTML element shows the browser how to display the content.

    Features of HTML 5

    • New multimedia features have been introduced in HTML 5 that support audio and video controls. The tags
    • New graphics elements have been added, including vector graphics and tags.
    • ,



      etc. are included.
    • Drag and Drop – Users can grab an object and drag it to a new location.
    • Geo-location services – It helps in determining the geographical location of the client.
    • Web storage facility which provides web application method to store data on web browser.
    • It uses SQL database to store data offline.
    • It allows to draw various shapes like triangle, rectangle, circle etc.
    • It is capable of handling wrong syntax.
    • It has easy DOCTYPE declaration ie <! Doctype html>
    • Easy character encoding ie
    • HTML History

      Year Version
      1989 Tim Berners-Lee invented www
      1991 Tim Berners-Lee Invented HTML
      1993 Dave Raggett drafted HTML +
      1995 HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
      1997 W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
      1999 W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
      2000 W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
      2008 WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
      2012 WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
      2014 W3C Recommendation: HTML5
      2016 W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1
      2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition
      2017 W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2

      Advantages of HTML 5

      • It supports all browsers.
      • It is more device friendly.
      • They are easy to use.

      HTML 5 with CSS, JavaScript etc. can help in building good and beautiful websites.

      Disadvantages of HTML 5

      • It involves writing long code which takes longer.
      • Only the latest browsers support it.

      Why to use HTML? (Why use HTML?)

      HTML helps to make our website well designed. Just as a skeletal system gives the human body a structure, HTML functions as a skeleton for a website, without it a website cannot be created. If you want to work as a software developer, especially in the web development domain, then learning HTML is essential, because without its knowledge you cannot create a website.

      Base for creating websites: HTML is a basic requirement that a developer should know when building a website from scratch.

      Learn web development HTML is the first step towards learning web development. Once you learn HTML, you can easily create simple, static websites.

      Can become freelancer (can become freelancer): Since freelancing is the best scope of web development, learning HTML will definitely give you the best deals of website in market development.

      Basic Format of HTML 5: This is the basic format to create a simple web page.

      <!DOCTYPE html>
         	     <!-- Head section of website-->
         		 <title>Page title</title>
        	     <!-- Body section of website -->



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