What is the UNITYsat 75 satellite mission?

    For some time, private companies like SpaceX, Amazon and OneWeb have been sending satellites into space to increase connectivity. India is also not far behind in this race and will launch 75 satellites in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) this year. Its special thing is that all these satellites have been prepared by the students of different institutions across the country and this mission has been named UNITYsat.

    Mission will be launched on completion of 75 years of independence

    Referring to this mission in his address to the United Nations General Assembly last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said that 75 satellites made by school and college students would be launched on the 75th anniversary of independence. These satellites, developed by students from Chandigarh University, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay and 11 other institutions, are being launched to promote Internet of Things (IoT) in space.

    Chandigarh University Academic Affairs Dean Dr B Priestley Shan, who is leading the project, told India Today that more than 1,000 students from across the country have shown their interest. He said that these satellites will form a kind of constellation and after exchanging information among themselves, will send the data to the earth. From this it will be found out how communication between satellites can be improved.

    Preparations are being given final shape

    This mission can be launched before Independence Day this year. Preparations are going on in full swing for this. Shan told that only the satellite is yet to be tested. In this, the satellite will be tested between different environments and challenges. These satellites will be tested at the centers of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). These satellites will remain active in low Earth orbit for 2-4 years after launch.

    With the launch of the mission, concerns are also being raised about the waste accumulating in space. Actually, the satellites that have been launched in the last years are roaming in space and with every new satellite there is an increase in the waste. Recently, China had told that two Starlink satellites have survived colliding with its space station. This is also being taken care of in the Unitysat mission.


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